BACKGROUND to the weakening of ISI, the new leader,

BACKGROUND The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) traces back to 2003, when American forces invaded Iraq causing a chain reaction that lead to the creation of ISIS. Abu Musab al Zarqawi, a Jourdanic extremist, created the militant group al-Qaeda of Iraq. Two years later the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI) was created by al-Qaeda, but because of their barbarity they lost the support of sunni muslims which weakened the group. Due to the weakening of ISI, the new leader, Baghdadi, began to re-strengthen the group after Zarqawi’s death. The rebellion in Syria was joined by ISI, with ISI’s increasing involvement in terrorists attacks through bombing and kidnapping. Due to their involvement with Syria ISI and the the Islamic State of Syria merged together to create ISIS. The feeling of victimization by Sunni Muslims is what has allowed for the group to attract members. ISIS has expanded largely, taking over the cities of Fallujah and Mosul in Iraq, and establishing itself as a caliphate.  The group began attacking internationally in 2015, starting with an attack on Egypt by taking down a passenger plane. In the same year, they received credit for explosions in the Lebanese capital of Beirut and for an attack on the French capital that killed more than a hundred people. ISIS attacks other nations due to the establishment of religions that the Islamic State opposes. II. UN INVOLVEMENT    The UN became involved with the issue of ISIS in 2015, when UN security council had an unanimous vote to combat ISIS, after the attacks in France.  In 2015 the UN Security Council adopted a legally binding resolution which aims at preventing terrorist groups from making money and using the international banking system, with an emphasis on ISIS.  Also it was proposed to make it illegal to donate money to terrorist groups, trade in oil and antiquities or make ransom payments.  The new resolution was drafted by Russia and the United States, and is intended to strengthen it, because sometimes such prohibitions are disregarded and ignored.  work on preventing violent extremism is firmly rooted in the Strategy.     The resolution calls on countries to describe what steps they are taking to prevent terrorist organizations from making money, including interdicting oil sales. On June 15th 2017, the  United Nations Office of Counter-Terrorism was established, through the adoption of assembly resolution.       The Office of Counter-Terrorism has five main functions which is to “provide leadership on the General Assembly counter-terrorism mandates entrusted to the Secretary-General from across the United Nations system; enhance coordination and coherence across the 38 Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force entities to ensure the balanced implementation of the four pillars of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy; strengthen the delivery of United Nations counter-terrorism capacity-building assistance to Member States;improve visibility, advocacy and resource mobilization for United Nations counter-terrorism efforts; and ensure that due priority is given to counterterrorism across the United Nations system and that the important work on preventing violent extremism is firmly rooted in the Strategy”  (Guterres).  The Office of Counter Terrorism strives to have a close partnership with the Security Council, as well as the member states.  The Office of Counter Terrorism plans to upkeep and develop new partnerships by travel and attendance of counter terrorism conferences and meetings.   III. DELEGATION POLICY AND SOLUTIONS      The Netherlands has been contributing to the international campaign against ISIS since October 2014. The decision to participate was caused by ISIS advances in Iraq, its human rights violations, and the threat it poses to European countries.  The Netherlands is increasing its contribution to the international campaign in the fight against ISIS.  The cabinet has decided to send a letter to the House of Representatives, setting out a series of military, political, and humanitarian measures.       To make the fight against ISIS in Iraq more operative and beneficiary, the government has decided to carry out targeted airstrikes against ISIS in and eastern Syria, as well.  To promote the political process, the Netherlands will continue to assist the Syrian opposition throughout the talks on the country’s future and will increase its funding for the team led by UN envoy Staffan de Mistura. The Netherlands will also give advice and financial backing to Syrian women’s organizations to strengthen their involvement in the political process. This year, the Netherlands is allocating €75 million to alleviate humanitarian suffering resulting from the Syrian crisis. This is €25 million more than the originally planned €50 million. The money will be used to provide aid  in areas that are still under siege by the Assad regime and other terrorist groups. Some of the money will be given to the Red Cross in Syria and will be spent on food aid, drinking water, medicines and supplies. These resolutions are hoped to combat ISIS growth, as well as protect The Netherlands citizens as well.  To combat ISIS The Netherlands believe we should focus on military containment of ISIS as well.  If every country halted trade with ISIS’s oil business, then ISIS revenue will increasingly decrease.  Military containment, is much more effective then airstrikes, because although containment requires much more patience and resilience, it ultimately will decrease the amounts of civilian casualties, as well decrease the spread of another terrorist group from forming of the ashes of ISIS.  Also, tighter security and regulations, must be implemented, following the lead of the United States.  European Countries, that are in ISIS’s reach, must focus more on security integration, opposed to social and economic integration in order to halt the spread of ISIS and tits attacks, on European nations.  The European Union must focus on treating each state with the same strong security means, in order to decrease the spread of  ISIS.  By taking a more defensive approach, along with offensive victories, the scales will soon tip in the UN’s favor and ISIS will no longer reign.  

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