Civil and fifteenth amendments of the United States constitution.(Waldo)

 

Civil
rights movement, became a massive protest over racial segregation and
discrimination in the south of the United States. .
During the 1800s and early 1900s,
Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth, Anna Julia Cooper, Fannie Barrier Williams,
and other women fought for freedom from slavery and for the rights of African
Americans as well as suffrage for U.S. women. During the 1950’s during the civil war American slaves were
granted basic civil rights, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments of the United
States constitution.(Waldo)

 The most import breakthrough in equal rights
legislation for African Americans since the reconstruction period. W.E.B Du
Bois became a leading advocate for the civil right of African American
descendants of the world.1909 du bois and other
African American leaders joined with white proponents of racial equality to
form the national association for the advancement of colored people (NAACP). NAACP
become the most enduring civil rights organization. Blacks and whites were not
allowed to go to the same schools. Riding buses blacks had to give up there
seat for a whit person and colored people had to seat in the back of the bus or
stand so the white person could sit.

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 Lucky today we don’t have to deal with most
types of issues but there is still racism and discrimination due to color and
race, even gender. A women know as Rosa parks paved the way for discrimination
and equal rights. “Dec 1955 Rosa parks refused to give up her seat to a white
man on a bus and was kicked out and arrested for refusing her seat in
Montgomery Alabama”. (rosa parks)
She encourage a massive protest boycott which supporters chose Baptist Martin
Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr, became the nation’s most influential
advocate of the concepts of non-violent resistance. Martin Luther King did not march from Selma to Montgomery by
himself nor did he speak into a void at the March on Washington. Thousands
marched with him and thousands more did the dirty work that preceded that
triumphant march. Martin Luther King was killed for being an influential
leader on the black people. The whites disliked his political views. During the
time JFK was president. The boycott lasted November 13, 1956. Rosa parks became
known as the mother of the civil rights movement.

By 1966,
many young women had become dissatisfied with the slow pace of change. Some
eventually embraced revolution, racial separatism, and armed self-defense and
joined the Black Power movement and the Black Panther Party. These radicals
struggled inside and outside the “revolution” as they founded
liberation schools, established breakfast programs for poor children, were
placed under surveillance by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and
other law enforcement agencies, encountered Sexism from male comrades in
struggle, and had to engage in intellectual genuflection to keep the gendered
status quo. The significance of revolutionary women leaders, including Kathleen
Cleaver, Angela Davis, Elaine Brown, JoNina Abrams, Assata Shakur, and Erika
Huggins, has been obscured, denigrated, or minimized by sensationalized media
portrayals of violence, police confrontations, and love relationships with
radical men. Yet, in spite of retaliation, arrest, imprisonment, sexism,
racism, and classism, these and other black women of different generations and
class locations risked their safety, lives, livelihoods, and personal
relationships to lead many civil rights struggles.  

During World War II women in the United
States saw new opportunities in defense and the labor market as men were sent
overseas to fight our wars. More than 18million American women joined the war.
Over 35 percent of women and 25 percent of married women were employed. Women
made a revolutionary shift in the public’s eye. Women fought there right to be
given the equal opportunities to take on the same roles as men many women were
kicked out of the labor force because men saw it as women could never be as
equal or capable of doing the same duties.

 During the 1960’s a feminist movement emerged.
Feminism continued bin workplaces’, education inequalities, domestic violence
and laws not governing divorce and child custody. “Friedan and forty eight
other people founded national organization for women (NOW)”. There was many
influential leader who played a major role on civil rights. “According to this theory, a woman is not
simply a woman but a member of an economic class, an ethnicity, an age group,
and other groups that intersect with one another, making her experience of
sexism, racism, and other forms of prejudice different than that of other
women, even those within the same race or cultural background.” (Gale)

 Not only did blacks fight for rights but so
did other skin color did too. Latinas (Spanish-speaking) and Chicanas (of
Mexican descent) have been active leaders in various U.S. struggles. In
addition to gender equality and women’s rights, Latina struggles have
concentrated on six main issues. migrant farm worker rights and labor
unionization; land grant rights, especially in New Mexico; racially biased
immigration laws; Chicano student rights, bilingual education, and Chicano
studies in higher education; crusades for racial justice; and political and
economic self-determination. Feminism emerged in the early twenty-first century
and continues.

 In 2016, women voiced their outrage on social
media outlets, blogs, and other media platforms at a leaked tape of then-Republican
Party nominee Donald Trump bragging about molesting women many of the
traditions and tactics of earlier waves. Social media platforms like Facebook
and Twitter have allowed women from around the world to share their experiences
with sexism and assault. Social media has also become a place for fourth-wave
feminists to promote a more inclusive definition of beauty by sharing
body-positive images, drawing attention to sexist advertisements and marketing
and advocating for more realistic depictions of women in media. Using this
platform, women have shared their varied experiences on topics in public in an
effort to challenge public policies.

 The Asian-American struggles for civil rights
and the Yellow Power movement in general did not crystallize noticeably until
after the mid-1960s. Visible Asian activism has been intermittent, short-lived,
more limited, and much less publicized and researched than that of other
racial/ethnic minority groups for a number of reasons, including the relatively
small population of Asian Americans (less than 1 percent of the American
population until the immigration law reforms of 1965), the great diversity of
ethnicities, immigrant cultures, and identities among Asian Americans.

During the
1960 and 70’s ,native Americans fought for equality and freedom as well Native
American Indian women historically have performed crucial roles in American
Indian society, although with a high degree of sex-gender segregation. Native
women of the Iroquois Federation, for example, played a powerful political role
among Native American tribes during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. In
the twentieth century, however, Native women’s acts of resistance and
leadership in civil rights struggles became much more visibly national, direct,
and confrontational. In general, their civil rights struggles have focused on
nine areas self-determination; treaty rights, especially to land, fishing,
water, and mineral resources; land reclamation and acquisition by non-Indians;
education, schooling, and Native American studies; religious rights and sacred
burial grounds; environmental racism and ecocide; pan-Indianism; government and
police treatment on reservations and in prisons; and violence against and rape
of women.

Should
women have the same rights as men? I think there is an unfortunate stigma when it comes to “the battle of
the sexes”, everything is always extreme. This is a new generation and a new
time, yet we’re still asking “are women equal to men?” The extremes of
feminists and old men’s clubs continually clash until they prove each other
right, that women “will be brawling if given control” and that “men don’t want
to relinquish control”. Why can’t we just be? Why does gender have to determine
personality, opportunity and lifestyle? Martin Luther King Jr said he wanted
his kids to be judged by the content of their character, not the color of their
skin. I feel the same way about being female. Different body parts don’t affect
motivation, determine intelligence or enhance mental abilities. Rather than
determine whose better, I think we need to finally say that we’re all the same.
Judge me by who I am, not what I am. Gender equality has been a struggle for
many years.

 Women and some men who support gender equality
have been fighting for the right to vote and own property such as land. Men and
women should be treated equality although many believe that this is not so.
People have been taught to value their place in society even when they are
placed underneath someone else. Gender equality allows both men and women to do
and have opportunities as each other. Men and women should have equal rights;
times are changing and although most still have the idea that women are
inferior to men it is not true. Women are capable of getting an education, good
jobs, and working outside of the house. Just like men, women can accomplish
these goals they can get a higher education if they are willing to work for. It
would not be fair for a woman who has a higher education to get a job lower in
status of that of a man.

People who
work hard to get a higher education than others should be rewarded with jobs
that are worthy of them. Men should not get a preference to good jobs than
women because it is not fair they should be looked at in the same way. Whether
a female or a male neither should get a preference it is wrong to believe that
a woman should stay at home while a man goes to work everyone needs some time
away from home and adventure.

Equality is
sometimes an issue in America but the Constitution always defends the rights of
everyone. When there is a problem the female or male can defend their rights by
court. America is run by a democracy where everyone is equal and has the
opportunity of freedom of speech. This allows women to speak out against
unfairness and they get to defend themselves as citizens. Although America is
run by a democracy, many other nations are not they are run by dictatorships or
others. For the women living in these nations it is harder to speak out against
gender equality. They really have to fight in what they believe is right. Life
in many cases is what you make it and I cannot say whether a male or female has
a better life because people make decisions that change their lives and the
actions that they make built who they are. Men and women make decisions such as
skipping class, going to college, making an early career, and doing
extracurricular activities.

These factors
change a person’s future because it constructs the life they are to have
whether it is poor, rich, happy, or mad. People who want better lives for
themselves or for their children, will fight against any predigest judgments
and go through barriers opening doors for the next generations. Gender equality
is a barrier that one has to fight through to see the light ahead and get
further in life.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Work Cited

 

“American civil rights
movement.” Britannica Academic, Encyclopædia Britannica, 21
Jun. 2017. academic.eb.com.cloviscc.idm.oclc.org/levels/collegiate/article/American-civil-rights-movement/82763. Accessed 24 Nov. 2017.

“Rosa Parks.” Britannica
Academic, Encyclopædia Britannica, 18 Oct. 2017. academic.eb.com.cloviscc.idm.oclc.org/levels/collegiate/article/Rosa-Parks/1689. Accessed 24 Nov. 2017.

“Feminism.” Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection, Gale,
2017. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/PC3021900064/OVIC?u=cclc_clovis=55e31352.
Accessed 25 Nov. 2017.

“Women and Civil Rights
Struggles.” Civil Rights in the United States,
edited by Waldo E. Martin, Jr. and Patricia Sullivan, Macmillan Reference USA,
2000. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/BT2338231250/OVIC?u=cclc_clovis=ef081322. Accessed 25 Nov. 2017.

Glazer, S. (2012, April 3). Women’s rights. CQ
Global Researcher, 6, 153-180. Retrieved from
http://library.cqpress.com/

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