Eco-feminist the sustenance of family members; more specifically, they

Eco-feminist advocates a close connection between women and nature (Sandilands, 1999, 120; Mellor, 1997, 45; Datar, 2011, 18 and Bowden &Mummery, 2014, 166), the understanding of which would assist one to provide value regarding the different forms of life within the biotic community. The women-nature connection can be traced from the beginning of the civilization. According to Prasad, most of the historians collectively believe that women were the early progenitor of the art of farming by being first to domesticate harvest; “. . . while men went out hunting in search of food, women started gathering seeds from the native flora and fauna cultivating those of interest from the point of food, fodder, fibre and fuel” (Prasad, 2007, 160). According to Prasad, the intention of both men and women is quite different while using the resources of nature. Though men indulged themselves in hunting; women collect fallen dry leaves or the branches of the trees to carry out their different household works. The instances of this can be reflected in the work of Fortmann. She perpetuated that “women have rules about fuel collection that expressly prohibit the cutting down of living trees. Dead and downed wood is preferred” (Fortmann, 1986, 40). Generally, women use fallen or dried leaves for the sustenance of family members; more specifically, they follow a specific pattern of using natural resources. Thus, it is said that the concern of women from the very beginning towards taming and caring the nature. On the other hand, it cannot be ignored that while performing household activities women always maintain a balance between their needs and the resources of nature as well. For instance, even in the deficiencies of certain household items women often try to fulfill the certain need of their family members. Likewise, such a balancing nature of women is required among them while using natural resources which would be helpful in the preservation of natural resources. In this sense, women are seen to be more tied towards the living environment and can better take care of nature. It is widely known that in most parts of the world, primarily it is the women who are disproportionately affected by the destruction of nature (Lorentzen and Eaton, 2003, 2). This shows that women suffer from the destruction of environment because they are the one who is subjected to perform household work. This shows that women are the one who is contemplated as the direct users of natural resources. They often depend on natural resources like forest, water, and land for fuel, fodder, and food, while performing different household chores, for the sustenance of their children and their family members. This dependency of women on nature makes them recognize first the direct consequences of the environmental destruction which could be realized by them through the shortage of the availability of different natural resources from their natural surroundings, which were previously available to them in an abundant amount. This shortage of natural resources is directly affecting their lives, their children, and their family members. It is reflected in the work of Seager that: “women are the first to notice when the water they cook with and bathe the children in smells peculiar: they are the first to know when the supply of water starts to dry up . . . they are the first to know when children develop mysterious ailments” (Seager, 1993, 272)). It is, therefore, analyzed that the different daily life experiences of women, gradually lead them to recognize first the changing conditions of nature which are perilous for their own survival, for their children and their family members, which makes them pay attention towards it and develops their episteme to care or preserve for nature. This attentiveness of women would be helpful in the conservation of natural resources in the present context and for the future generation.Conventionally, the role of women in society is seen as a combination of both productive activities and reproductive roles. The productive roles of women consider all those activities that raise the wage and economy of the family and the community such as home industries, agriculture, handicrafts product, and wage employment. The reproductive roles of women are those which are carried out to reproduce and care for the family and group. These include those works which involve caring for children, the collection of water and fuel, preparation of food, maintenance of home and others. But these works were seen as non-economic. It is therefore observed that women were already playing a significant role in the development process from the very beginning because of their reproductive roles and productive activities. Despite their contribution, they were little recognized.                                                                                     On the other hand, men’s active participation in the industrial world shows their increased greed that is leading towards the formation of an independent consumerist society and the destruction of natural resources. The rapid increase of industrialization has removed the traditional way of working for livelihood. The consistent use of machines has replaced the traditional and conventional method of weaving and spinning. This shows that although it has opened up economic opportunities to many, still the preponderance of the participation of men is well evident. At the same time, it is observed that it leads to the gradual decrease in the economic gains of women who were mainly associated with traditional work (Pillai, Shannon, and Mckim, 1995, 223). In the early phases of industrialization, men were regarded more skilled and efficient in the field acquiring technological knowledge. As a consequence of which there is more input of men in industries or factories in comparison to women. Even in the localized economic system, there was more input from men than women. Women were detached from industries or factories because they are supposed to have less knowledge of technology and relatively weak than men, which reduced their contribution. They are supposed to perform only domestic works such as cooking, caring child and elderly family members and so forth. Moreover, men were the center of attraction during the industrial revolution. Thus, it is said that men become a central cause for the destruction of nature. Though they play a vital role in the establishment of industries to achieve the economic development, implicitly it is leading harms to humans and non-humans. 


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