Genetic to help identify genetic defects, such as Down’s

Genetic testing is a type of medical test that identifies changes in chromosomes, genes, or proteins. The results of a genetic test can establish or rule out a suspected genetic condition or help determine a person’s chance of developing or passing on a genetic disorder. However, this testing is completely voluntary and this testing also has its share of benefits as well as risks, this makes for a questionable decision to make. An example of this genetic testing is preimplantation genetic diagnosis. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis, also knows as a PGD, is a procedure used prior to implantation to help identify genetic defects, such as Down’s syndrome, sickle-cell anemia, and cystic cell fibrosis, within embryos. A PGD test can be very beneficial as it can test for more than 100 different genetic conditions. Another benefit is that a PGD prevents unhealthy embryos to be transferred to the uterus. However, there are also concerns of a PGD. Many people with a more ethical approach tend to think that the destruction of an embryo is the destruction of a person. Many people also make arguments on genetic screening as a whole. However, you can look at the situation from both sides. An argument for screening is that a genetic test for particular genetic mutations may save peoples lives if they are attentive with their lifestyle and screenings. ¬†Another argument for screening is the wonders that it could do for medicine. Genetic screening could turn into genetic engineering and the genetic knowledge of a disease will create an innovation in how medicine is performed. However, there are also many arguments towards genetic screening. An argument towards genetic screening is the issue of privacy and access to personal genetic information where it can be used against them. Another argument towards genetic screening is the fear that it will change the way that humans reproduce. If people know that they have a chance of passing on a gene for disease onto their offspring then they might not want to start a family. Many scientists are already looking into the future of this controversial field of study. As stated in the previous paragraph, genetic screening will create an innovation in how medicine is performed. The translation of genetic knowledge into medical applications will be influenced by our understanding of the human genome, technological advances, and social, ethical, and legal issues surrounding genetic testing. All in all, the main goal in the future of genetics is to improve our ability to diagnose and predict risk for disease and ultimately, to cure and even prevent disease. My opinion on the use of genomics to make “designer babies” is that with proper, adequate use, I think that it’s fine. If I had a chance to know, and possible stop, if I could pass on a gene for disease or any kind of genetic defect to my offspring, I would want to know so I could take the precautions to have the healthiest children that I can. In conclusion, genomics has come a long way from when Watson and Crick discovered the double helix structure that is DNA and for the future, there is only one way that genomics can go.

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