Health History and Health Disparities by Melissa Watts, MD,

Health disparities” One of the most significant healthcare disparities affecting African Americans is theincidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among black youth. When compared toEuropean Americans, African Americans are 6 times more likely to contract Chlamydia, 10times more likely to contract Gonorrhea, and have 7 times the prevalence of HIV. AfricanAmerican youth aged 18-24 residing in Flint have the highest rates of sexually transmittedinfections in the state of Michigan.”-African American History and Health Disparities byMelissa Watts, MD. The objective of the paper is to research about the health disparity among acommon group and thoroughly explain how this demographic is being affected and about howwhat we can do to research more on how this disease can be prevented and according to AfricanAmerican History and Health Disparities by Melissa Watts, MD, states that one of the healthdisparities of African Americans Health is Sexually transmitted diseases. Social disadvantageincreases the risks because of the education that is needed to know to prevent disease. Alsoaccording to Watts “Health disparities tend to negatively affect groups of people who havesystematically experienced greater social and economic obstacles to health care. These obstaclesarise from characteristics historically linked to discrimination or exclusion based upon race orethnicity, religion, socioeconomic status, gender, mental health, sexual orientation, or geographiclocation. There are several contributing factors that lead to these health disparities includingsocioeconomic status, cultural factors, and lack of access to and utilization of adequate healthcare, including preventative care.”FIGURE R. CHLAMYDIA — RATES OF REPORTED CASES BY RACE/ETHNICITY ANDSEX, UNITED STATES, 2016A sexually transmitted disease is and infection transmitted through sexual contact, causedby bacteria, viruses, or parasites. This can be treated through medication. According to centersfor disease and prevention author unknown shows statistics on how different types of STIs affectAfrican Americans. For example chlamydia rates in african americans affects women 5.1 moretimes than a white women while it affects men 6.6 times more than a white men. The age grouprange from 20’s- 40’s. ” In 2016, the overall rate of reported chlamydia cases among Blacks inthe United States was 1,125.9 cases per 100,000 population ( Table 11B ). The rate of reportedchlamydia cases among Black women was 5.1 times the rate among White women (1,387.2 and271.1 cases per 100,000 females, respectively) ( Figure R and Table 11B ). The rate of reportedchlamydia cases among Black men was 6.6 times the rate among White men (839.0 and 126.4cases per 100,000 males, respectively). Rates of reported cases of chlamydia were highest forBlacks aged 15–19 and 20–24 years in 2016 ( Table 11B ). The rate of reported chlamydia casesamong Black women aged 15–19 years (6,485.2 cases per 100,000 females) was 4.5 times therate among White women in the same age group (1,433.3 cases per 100,000 females). The rate ofreported chlamydia cases among Black women aged 20–24 years was 3.7 times the rate amongWhite women in the same age group (6,747.6 and 1,836.2 cases per 100,000 females,respectively) ( Table 11B ).”Moreover, according to Watts there has been several projects that can help educatepeople more on sti’s and help reduce the infection rates. Watts states “Several of our projects aimto reduce disparities in Flint and surrounding Genesee County, as well as around the State ofMichigan. For example, HOPE aims to reduce STIs and HIV/AIDS infection in Genesee Countythrough an evidence-based peer education and social technology implementation.” Havingprograms with easy transportation available can help reduce STIs. Also I would purpose to haveschools give young adolescents more information so they can prevent stds in the future becauseinforming students more on the importance of protection and the consequences it can have onhealth is another key factor on aiming to reduce STDs.According to an article published on Centers on Disease Control and Prevention “2000STD Prevention Conference – African Americans Disproportionately Affected by STDs” authorunkown talks about how social media who targets young adolescent can post campaigns in whichcan give awareness to adolescents about sexually transmitted diseases.”The media campaignappeared to have tangible effects on many young women in the target population. Of thoserespondents who said they had seen the campaign, 69 percent said it had made them think aboutSTDs more, 28 percent said the campaign had caused them to talk to someone about STDs, andin addition to the 19 percent who got tested for an STD because of the ads, 76 percent said theywere more likely to get tested in the future”. These media campaigns are a great target towardsyoung adolescents who can read more about sexually transmitted diseases. These surveys areavailable as they use their phones or any other device they use to access social media. Alsoshowing ads through televise commercials work as a way to communicate awareness foradolescentsWorks CitedAfrican American History and Health Disparities. (2015, February 06). Retrieved December 10,2017, from http://prc.sph.umich.edu/2014/02/african-american-history-health-disparities/2000 STD Prevention Conference – African Americans Disproportionately Affected by STDs.(n.d.). Retrieved December 10, 2017, fromhttps://www.cdc.gov/stdconference/2000/media/afamericans2000.htm2016 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Surveillance. (2017, September 26). Retrieved December10, 2017, from https://www.cdc.gov/std/stats16/minorities.htm

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