Statelessness Identification: UN investigates the reasons that led to

Statelessness remains a critical yet overlooked situation, where various wars and hard times result in numerous personages. Most have difficulty in acquiring the use of the education, healthcare, and the ability to get a job. When the numbers continue to grow, policies in some areas begin to act prejudiced towards those people in order to steer clear of trouble. There are various conventions that have worked to assist those unfortunate people.
The 1954 Convention helps ensure that stateless individuals possess human rights including education, employment, and housing. Most significantly, they make sure stateless people have the right to identify, travel documents, and administrative assistance. However, the 1961 Convention’s goal is to hinder statelessness and as time passes, decrease it. It also creates an international framework to guarantee them the right of every person to a nationality, and that children are to be included in the nationality of the country they were born in supposing they don’t have any other nationalities.
Throughout the years, statelessness has continued to be a constant problem in provinces and where internal and external conflict occur, resulting in the removal of many people or remarking territory. In order to terminate statelessness, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) makes a long-term plan that will last about ten years, consisting of six main details that will be carried out.
Not only do grown men and women face the denial of statelessness but innocent children as well. Six million children are estimated without a nationality globally. They are also defenseless to sexual and labor exploitation, abuse, and trafficking. A handful are denied education and healthcare. Sadly, only a few (inter)national child protection systems encompass stateless children in their policies. Additionally, human identification is essential- and stateless persons usually don’t possess their own documentation.
In the past, the UN has made developments in gradually putting a halt to statelessness. From 2003 to 2013, these actions resulted in more than four million stateless individuals with confirmed/acquiring nationalities. Four categories are organized by the UN used to stop statelessness: Identification > Prevention > Reduction > Protection. Identification: UN investigates the reasons that led to certain peoples being stateless and research their situation of not having a nationality (sometimes through interviews), which will help with the basic understanding and of the problem. Prevention: easiest and most effective way to deal with statelessness is to stop it from happening in the first place. UN provides legal advice to governments about how to ensure their nationalities are agreeable with their international standards. Reduction: UN finds a solution for those without a nationality, working with governments to help them make changes to legislation and procedures, which are necessary to recognize stateless people as nationals. UN also publicizes these changes to other stateless people know how to become nationals. Protection: UN provides guidance and technical assistance to governments and establishes procedures to recognize stateless people, giving them a legal status and general human rights.
As a part of West Africa, Senegal recognizes the major issues of statelessness. After independence, Senegal has adopted nationality laws based on models from the former colonial powers: jus soli (law of the soil) rule for those born after independence: a person born in the territory would automatically become a citizen (with very limited exceptions). Senegal also has a reduction of gender discrimination, which allows women to pass nationality to their children and spouses on increasingly equal terms with men. Since 2010, Senegal has taken part of both international conventions relating to statelessness (1954 and 1961 Conventions).
Senegal proposes a solution where raising awareness that the UN is there to help stateless people must be increased. Tip lines will be posted in classrooms and the outside world. Also, the interviewing of the stateless people to understand how, when, and why they are in their current situation is quite well thought through, so emphasize more of that process as well. That way, knowing what’s going on will make it easier for the UN to find individual ways to give the stateless their respective nationalities. However, Senegal anticipates that there would be opposition towards these solutions, where questions like “where is the funding?” and “who would spend their time putting up these awareness posters?”. In defense to this, there are definitely volunteers around the world that would certain to help with the cause. After all, children’s’ lives are at risk here. Funding would, of course, come from the UN and bits of fundraising as well. The UN’s solutions and Senegal’s are quite similar. Senegal looks forward to helping with the battle to eliminate statelessness once and for all.

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