The port in Balochistan.[2] CPEC provides the most shortest

The China Pakistan
Economic Corridor and its Worth

The
much hyped China Pakistan Economic Corridor is a project in which China has
invested more than 45 billion Dollars to initiate various Projects in Pakistan.1 It
is the part of china’s grand “One belt One Road” projects. The china Pakistan
Economic corridor connects China’s Xinjiang province with Gwadar port in
Balochistan.2
CPEC provides the most shortest and viable route with the potential to reduce
the commute time from forty-five days to a maximum of ten days.3 The
project involves China’s heavy investments in Pakistan’s energy sector,
infrastructure building, road, railway and air transportation systems and
various other sectors.4

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China,
through this massive project of China Pakistan Economic corridor has achieved a
set of advantages for instance it has gotten an access to the warm waters by
means of CPEC.5
Similarly Pakistan had its own number of gains and shares associated with the
Project as it is a Mammoth project with numerous other projects being a part of
it. Pakistan will benefit massively from this venture, as it will convey
colossal speculation to Pakistan that will support its infrastructure and will
elevate its economy and exchange. Government of Pakistan in its recently
devised futuristic approach for 2025 gives much significance to the regional
connectivity.6
Pakistan will accomplish a steady and more grounded position in the Region and
will have a solid standing globally. China holds a position of one of the
globally economic giants and Pakistan’s can benefit from this strategic
partnership with China.7
According to the reports by World Bank the boom in the Pakistan’s economy has
been evident post-Cpec.8

Pak-China
Economic Corridor is highlighted to as one the most vital features to the
development of trade within the Saarc, Asean, and the ECO.”9 In
order to proceed with the and achieve the goal of flowing connectivity and
“China-Pakistan community of shared Destiny” a primary step was taken in the
year 2013, by signing an agreement of connecting Pakistan’s Gwadar Port with
the Kashgar Port towards the western China.10
This development would not only improve the trade between Pakistan and China
but it would also improve the trade relationship of Pakistan with Central Asian
Countries.11

The Game of Alliances

The
significance of the existing situation of South Asian region is well evaluated
by these words of the 19th century American Strategist.12 “Whoever controls
the Indian Ocean dominates Asia.  The ocean is the key to the seven
seas.  In the 21st century the destiny of the world will be decided on its
waters.”13  The growing tie between Pakistan and China
and especially the CPEC received much trepidation by few regional and global
actors especially its India.14  The project holds great significance for both
Pakistan and China and their economies will get a grand boost.15

The
current scenario caused an extraordinary shift in the power equation as new
alliances emerged in the global structure. On one side we see the reinforcing
ties of Pakistan, China and Russia and this developing cooperation is bringing
forth another solid union between US, India and Afghanistan. The United States
which was an old ally of Pakistan has shifted its loyalties towards India.16
The America’s inclination towards India can be see Vis a Vis Pakistan-China and
Russian growing ties.17

The China Pakistan and
Russian Alliance Vis a Vis India US and Afghanistan Alliance

The
central project of China’s “OBOR” is the China Pakistan Economic Corridor this
one of the major reasons of the growing interest of China and Russia in
Pakistan. The China and Russia has always wanted access to the warm waters and
Pakistan is providing them the access via Gwadar Port.18

Linking
China with Europe, through Silk route Economic Belt (SREB) is the ultimate aim
China is aspiring to achieve.19
This can only happen if CPEC is successfully and effectively achieved.
Therefore CPEC is of utmost importance to bring about economic boom in the
south and central Asian region.

During
the cold war Pakistan became a declared ally of US by signing the Military
pacts with them, this resulted in the extremely damage the Pakistan USSR
relationship.20
Russia which had always inclined towards India has shown a tilt towards
Pakistan in recent times.21
This revamped policy can be observed through their jointly held military
exercises and diplomatic terms with Pakistan; Russia lifted its weapons ban on
Pakistan in the year 2014.22
The Indian has conveyed its displeasure to the Russian Government over their
tilt towards Pakistan.23 The
Jointly held Military exercises of Russia and Pakistan were greatly disliked by
India.24 Russia
has an interest in the CPEC as the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor could be
converged with the Russia-sponsored Eurasian Economic Union.25 Russia’s
request to use the Port of Gwadar for its exports purposes has been given an
approval by the authorities.26 Russia
is of the view that CPEC is a great opportunity of developing connections
between the regions.27

Afghanistan
holds a very important position in this power game.28
The peace and stability in the Afghan region is of utmost importance. The
importance of Afghanistan is significant from the Pak- china and Russia’s
perspective and also from the US and Indian perspective. The Taliban’s and the
presence of Islamic state in Afghanistan is matter of great concern.29 While
Iraq and Syria have already been victimized by the ISIS, the reporting agencies
have been heard stating their presence in Afghanistan.30

As
china is investing a huge amount in the China Pakistan Economic corridor, they
certainly do not want the spillover of the ISIS within the Pakistan’s boundary.31
Similarly Russia has its own concerns regarding the ISIS as Islamic State is
recently one of the major threats to the world. Russia has been occupied with
converses with the Taliban’s in Afghanistan keeping in mind the end goal to
debilitate the ISIS.32
Pakistan has extraordinarily upheld the Russian position towards ISIS.33
This afghan issue has brought Pakistan and Russia nearer. Pakistan, china and
Russia was on a joint venture to manage the Taliban’s however their endeavors
were incredibly condemned by the US, India and Afghanistan since they were not
mulled over.34

Moving
towards the China’s position of the developing impact of US in the region, the
China dislikes the developing impact of United States in the region and
comparatively Russia with the assistance of its recently discovered key
accomplice China, means to keep a check on the United States’ territorial
pre-distinction.35
In this complex game of alliance the long baggage of History cannot be ignored.
Every power has its own national interest which they are striving hard to
achieve.

With
regard to CPEC, Indian
apprehension towards the growth of Pak-China relations is evident through its
actions. India sees the CPEC as only the exchange of dreams.36
It holds a view that CPEC as a game changer for both Pakistan and China is only
a deception.37There
are several reasons for India being not so welcoming about the CPEC. Firstly,
CPEC is passing from the territory of Kashmir which is in Pakistan’s control.38  India wants to be recognized as a regional
hegemon of South Asia and for that it is seeking US’ help to contain the rise
of China.39  The
already strained relations of China and India got further strained when the
statement of Chinese foreign minister regarding using terrorism as a tool to
achieve political gains, was taken as an offense by India.40 India and the United states have been
entering into various defense pacts which will have an impact on both China and
Pakistan.41

The
US and India has no confined its relation to the atomic and military domain
rather they have enhanced their sea ties as well.42 The
role of Indian Government in strengthening the recent US Afghan policy and a
tough stance towards Pakistan is vital in order to restrict the emerging strong
influence of china towards the warm waters through CPEC.43 On
the other hand Pakistan will give a strong oceanic base to China through Gwadar
in order to keep a check on the US activities on the ocean.

The
US has reached out to India and asked them to help US fight terrorism in
Afghanistan as in their view Pakistan has not done enough to counter terrorism.
The weakened bond between Pakistan and Afghanistan has given India a space to
work in Afghanistan and strengthen ties with the Afghans. As per Afghans CEO
Abdullah Abdullah, the expanded presence of India in Afghanistan is what they
want.44
India has also entered into a trilateral agreement with Afghanistan and Iran to
establish a trade route at the Chabahar port to access Central Asia.45
This trade route can certainly nor compete the Gwadar port as its strategic
location is much vital than the Chabahar port.

Role
of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy

Pakistan’s
Foreign Policy as set by the founders had concentrated on keeping up benevolent
relations with the whole world particularly the Muslim community.46
It influenced Pakistan to assume an eminent role in the worldwide peace and
stability.47

The
contemporary Foreign Policy Pakistan tends to concentrate on keeping up great ties
with its new partner Russia.48
Russia has been given due significance keeping its enthusiasm for Pakistan in
view. China has dependably been an extremely indispensable part of Pakistan
Foreign Policy and advancing Pak-China kinship has always been a focal
objective Pakistan’s Foreign Policy.

The
U.S President Donald Trump’s new policy towards Afghanistan has strained the
relations between US and Pakistan.49 President
Trump has put allegations on Pakistan for nourishing terrorism and not taking
effective measures against the growing terrorism.50 The
current policy concentrates on clearing up the misconceptions created with the
United States.51
Pakistan new foreign policy has been formulated keeping the Humongous CPEC
venture in view. It is trusted that the marking of CPEC will uplift Pakistan’s
position regionally and globally.52

Conclusion:

China Pakistan
Economic Corridor has attracted the global powers in the region. In this power
game all the states are trying to achieve their national interests to the maximum
and minimize their national costs with a well calculated cost and benefit
analysis. The decade’s old allies have shifted there alliances towards new
states by wisely calculating the costs and benefits.

CPEC is called to be a
fate changing project for both the China and Pakistan. It is visualized that
china will be greatly benefited from the CPEC as it is the major Project of
China’s “OBOR”. Likewise, Pakistan will gain significance across the region.53 With the emergence of
new alliances we see that each super power is striving towards the containment
of the other in the region. U.S. and India wants to contain the rising
influence of China and similarly China and Russia wants to keep the US
influence in the region under check. We see a constant tug of war between the
superpowers. The CPEC has certainly brought a great shift in the political and
economic climate of South Asia.

1 Syed Danish
Ali, “Impact of CPEC on Regional International Relations,” International Affairs Forum,
http://www.ia-forum.org/Content/ViewInternalDocument.cfm?ContentID=8596

2 Jamil,
Mohammad, “CPEC-a Game Changer,” Pakistan
Observer, https://pakobserver.net/cpec-game-changer/#

3Awan, Zamir,
“Understanding the China Pakistan Economic Corridor,” The Express Tribune, Jun.16, 2017,
https://tribune.com.pk/story/1436563/understanding-china-pakistan-economic-corridor/

4Small, Andrew,
“CPEC: Road to the Future,” Herald, Nov.15,
2016, https://herald.dawn.com/news/1153559

5 “Why Pakistan’s
Gwadar Port is Important for China,” The
Times of India, Nov.18, 2016,
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/why-is-pakistans-gwadar-port-important-for-china/listshow/55489519.cms

6 Aarish Khan,
“Pak-China Economic Corridor: The Hopes and Reality,” Spotlight on Regional Affairs XXXIX, no.1 (2015):1.

7 Malik, Ahmed,
“CPEC: Transforming Pakistan’s Economy,” The
Nation, May.17, 2016,
http://nation.com.pk/17-May-2016/cpec-transforming-pakistan-s-economy

8 ibid

9 Aarish Khan,
“Pak-China Economic Corridor: The Hopes and Reality,” Spotlight on Regional Affairs XXXIX, no.1 (2015):1.

10 Aarish Khan,
“Pak-China Economic Corridor: The Hopes and Reality,” Spotlight on Regional Affairs XXXIX, no.1 (2015):5.

11 Ibid

12Ali, Sulman,
“Pakistan-China Gwadar Port Agreement: Balance of Power Game in South Asia.” South Asian Voices, May 20, 2015,

Pakistan-China Gwadar Port Agreement: Balance of Power Game in South Asia

13 Malik, Sabeen,
“Geo-Strategic Significance of Pakistan’s Port of Gwadar,” Times of Pakistan, Jul. 02, 2015,
http://timesofpakistan.pk/pakistan/balochistan/2015-07-02/geo-strategic-significance-of-pakistans-port-of-gwadar/97518/

14 Ali, Sulman,
“Pakistan-China Gwadar Port Agreement: Balance of Power Game in South Asia.” South Asian Voices, May 20, 2015,

Pakistan-China Gwadar Port Agreement: Balance of Power Game in South Asia

15 Ibid

16 Yar, Irfan,
“The Emerging Blocs in the Afghan Great Game,” Live Mint, Oct. 16, 2017,
http://www.livemint.com/Opinion/XjQoeREDcVEeOK6j3pAz9M/The-emerging-blocs-in-the-Afghan-Great-Game.html

17 ibid

18
Ahmed, Naveed, “CPEC and Russia’s Quest for Warm Water Ports,” The Express Tribune, Dec.13, 2016,
https://tribune.com.pk/story/1261653/cpec-russias-quest-warm-water-ports/

19 Aarish Khan,
“Pak-China Economic Corridor: The Hopes and Reality,” Spotlight on Regional Affairs XXXIX, no.1 (2015):5.

20
Hussain, Yasir, “Pakistan-Russia Relations: Old Players on a New Trajectory,” South Asian Voices, Aug.03, 2017,

Pakistan-Russia Relations: Old Players on a New Trajectory

21 Ramani, Samuel,
“What’s Driving Russia-Pakistan Cooperation on Afghanistan?,” The Diplomat, May. 09, 2017,
https://thediplomat.com/2017/05/whats-driving-russia-pakistan-cooperation-on-afghanistan/

22 Pant, Harsh,
“Resurgent Russia Joins Great Game in South Asia,” Yale Global Online,  Mar. 28,
2017,
https://yaleglobal.yale.edu/content/resurgent-russia-joins-great-game-south-asia

23 “India
Expresses Disappointment Over Pakistan-Russia Military Cooperation,” The Express Tribune, Oct. 12, 2016.
https://tribune.com.pk/story/1197745/india-expresses-disappointment-pakistan-russia-military-cooperation/

24 Ibid

25 Pant, Harsh,
“Resurgent Russia Joins Great Game in South Asia,” Yale Global Online,  Mar. 28,
2017.https://yaleglobal.yale.edu/content/resurgent-russia-joins-great-game-south-asia

26News Desk,
“Russia’s joining of CPEC to Enhance China, Russia and Pakistan Cooperation” Pakistan Today, Jan. 07, 2017,https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2017/01/07/russias-joining-of-cpec-to-enhance-china-russia-and-pakistan-cooperation/

27 App, “Russia
supports China-Pakistan Economic Corridor project: Envoy,” Dawn News, Dec. 17, 2016, https://www.dawn.com/news/1302890

28 Ramani, Samuel,
“What’s Driving Russia-Pakistan Cooperation on Afghanistan?,” The Diplomat,   May. 09, 2017.
https://thediplomat.com/2017/05/whats-driving-russia-pakistan-cooperation-on-afghanistan/

29 “Russia and
China Eye Role in Afghanistan and Pakistan,” BBC, Jun. 06 2012, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-18342888

30 Humera Iqbal,
“New Trends in Chinese Foreign Policy and the Evolving Sino-Afghan ties,” Spotlight on Regional Affairs XXXV, no.5
(2016): 22.

31 “Russia and
China Eye Role in Afghanistan and Pakistan,” BBC, Jun. 06 2012, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-18342888

32 Yar, Irfan,
“The Emerging Blocs in the Afghan Great Game,” Live Mint, Oct. 16, 2017,
http://www.livemint.com/Opinion/XjQoeREDcVEeOK6j3pAz9M/The-emerging-blocs-in-the-Afghan-Great-Game.html

33 Ramani, Samuel,
“What’s Driving Russia-Pakistan Cooperation on Afghanistan?,” The Diplomat, May. 09, 2017,
https://thediplomat.com/2017/05/whats-driving-russia-pakistan-cooperation-on-afghanistan/

34Yar, Irfan, “The
Emerging Blocs in the Afghan Great Game,” Live
Mint, Oct. 16, 2017,
http://www.livemint.com/Opinion/XjQoeREDcVEeOK6j3pAz9M/The-emerging-blocs-in-the-Afghan-Great-Game.html

35 Pant, Harsh,
“Resurgent Russia Joins Great Game in South Asia,” Yale Global Online,  Mar. 28,
2017,https://yaleglobal.yale.edu/content/resurgent-russia-joins-great-game-south-asia

36 FP Staff, “CPEC
an example of Pakistan leveraging relationship with China to counter India,
says Niti Aayog VC Rajiv Kumar,”  First post, Nov 01,2017,
http://www.firstpost.com/india/the-hope-that-cpec-will-cause-tremendous-economic-activity-in-pakistan-is-an-illusion-says-niti-aayog-vc-rajiv-kumar-4187069.html

37FP Staff, “CPEC
an example of Pakistan leveraging relationship with China to counter India,
says Niti Aayog VC Rajiv Kumar,”  First post, Nov 01,2017,
http://www.firstpost.com/india/the-hope-that-cpec-will-cause-tremendous-economic-activity-in-pakistan-is-an-illusion-says-niti-aayog-vc-rajiv-kumar-4187069.html

38 “Why Pakistan’s
Gwadar Port is Important for China,” The
Times of India, Nov.18, 2016,
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/why-is-pakistans-gwadar-port-important-for-china/listshow/55489519.cms

39News Desk”India
Pursuing Destabilizing Military Build-Up to Become Regional Hegemon,” The Express Tribune, Mar. 4, 2017,
https://tribune.com.pk/story/1345799/india-pursuing-destabilising-military-build-become-regional-hegemon/

40 “India
Expresses Disappointment Over Pakistan-Russia Military Cooperation,” The Express Tribune, Oct. 12, 2016. https://tribune.com.pk/story/1197745/india-expresses-disappointment-pakistan-russia-military-cooperation/

41 Anwar Iqbal,
“US-India Defence Pact to Impact Pakistan, China,” Dawn News, Aug. 30, 2016

42Ali, Sulman,
“Pakistan-China Gwadar Port Agreement: Balance of Power Game in South Asia.” South Asian Voices, May 20, 2015,

Pakistan-China Gwadar Port Agreement: Balance of Power Game in South Asia

43 Qazi, Ashraf,
“The Greater Game,” Dawn News, Aug.
26, 2017, https://www.dawn.com/news/1353881

44 ANI, “Afghan
Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah arrives in India to enhance ties,” The New Indian Express, Sep.28, 2017, http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/2017/sep/28/afghan-chief-executive-abdullah-abdullah-arrives-in-india-to-enhance-ties-1664006.html

45 Akram, Munir,
“India’s Great Power Game,” Dawn News, Sep.28,2014,
https://www.dawn.com/news/1134772

46 Khurram Abbas,
“Pakistan’s Foreign Policy and Emerging Geopolitical Situation: Opportunities
and Constraints,” Islamabad Policy
Research Institute, May. 22, 2017,

Pakistan’s Foreign Policy and Emerging Geopolitical Situation: Opportunities and Constraints

47 Ibid

48Ali, Shafqat,
“New Foreign Policy to Focus on Russia and China,” The Nation, Sep.11, 2017,
http://nation.com.pk/11-Sep-2017/new-foreign-policy-to-focus-on-russia-china

49 Ibid

50 Qazi, Ashraf,
“The Greater Game,” Dawn News, Aug.
26, 2017, https://www.dawn.com/news/1353881

51 Ibid

52 Khurram Abbas,
“Pakistan’s Foreign Policy and Emerging Geopolitical Situation: Opportunities
and Constraints,” Islamabad Policy
Research Institute, May. 22, 2017, http://www.ipripak.org/pakistans-foreign-policy-and-emerging-geopolitical-situation-opportunities-and-constraints/

53Husain, Javid,
“A world of Shifting Alliances,” The
Nation,  Nov. 08, 2016,
http://nation.com.pk/08-Nov-2016/a-world-of-shifting-alliances

x

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