The Great Gatsby was written by F. Scott Fitzgerald in 1925. The book took place in a fictional town on Long Island and depicted the reality of prosperous communities behind their sumptuous feasts and luxurious homes. This story focused mainly on Jay Gatsby, a rich man who lived in a large mansion next to Nick’s house, the narrator of this story. Throughout the novel, Gatsby tried to rejuvenate his love with a woman from his past. Unfortunately, the woman he loved, Daisy, is married to another rich but arrogant man named Tom Buchanan. Both men loved Daisy and refused to let her go. As a result, they made some bad decisions in the field of morality to win Daisy back. They also showed some differences between them in the way that they tried to achieve their goals. Gatsby, to win Daisy back, and Tom, to keep Daisy on his side. Although persevering in the pursuit of our dreams is usually seen as a good thing, it can also lead people to a disillusionment when they choose to break the rules to fulfill their dreams.The fact that all people in the higher class have a lot of money does not mean that they all are alike. In the story, we know that both Gatsby and Tom were prosperous, but they had two totally different backgrounds. Tom was born rich; he came from old money and he was accustomed to his relaxed high-class lifestyle. Nick Carraway knew him from college and described him as “a national figure in a way, one of those men who reach such an acute limited excellence at twenty-one that everything afterwards savors of anticlimax. His family were enormously wealthy-even in college his freedom with money was a matter of reproach” (Fitzgerald 6). In contrast, Gatsby originally came from a poor family and worked hard to earn his fortune. Gatsby never took his prosperity for granted. During Gatsby’s funeral, Nick read Gatsby’s old book and found Gatsby’s old general resolves; “No wasting time at Shafters or a name, indecipherable, No more smoking or chewing, Bath every other day, Read one improving book or magazine per week, Save $5.00 crossed out $3.00 per week, Be better to parents” (Fitzgerald 173). Nick found out that Gatsby was a zealous hard-working man who was willing to improve himself, though he later uses the illegal way and breaks the rules to grow his fortune. This difference between Tom and Gatsby also affected their personality and the way they deal with things.Their different backgrounds resulted in different personalities and moral characters that later influenced the bad choices they made in the story. Tom was an arrogant man who often showed off his strength. He felt like he was above other people. It even made him an ignorant racist who spread racist ideas during lunch when Nick visited his house. Tom said, “It’s up to us, who are the dominant race, to watch out or these other races will have control of things” (Fitzgerald 13). He also tried to get everything he wanted without having to really bear the consequences. Like Myrtle as his mistress. He could not accept the fact that his actions also resulted in the affair of Daisy with Gatsby. On the other hand, Gatsby never showed any behavior or explanation that suggested he is an arrogant person. Gatsby never looked down on people. Instead, he seemed to be a timid person when he walked away during the first meeting with Tom. Gatsby believed he could get Daisy back and change the past. Changing the past is an impossible thing because you can’t just erase what has happened. So it makes him uncomfortable about Daisy’s statement that she also loved Tom. If Gatsby would have been satisfied that Daisy was willing to be with him, without putting her under pressure to say that she never loved Tom, I think Gatsby would have won the contest. Gatsby, however, made the wrong choice because, in the end, he has to die. Tom also made a wrong choice, but in one way or another he never really had any consequences.Both Gatsby and Tom shared the same ambition to have Daisy for themselves. Tom, who took everything for granted, treated Daisy as a trophy and even deceived her from the start of their marriage. Tom thought he had everything, that’s why he could do what he wanted. He never realized before that Daisy was able to leave him. Gatsby tried to build all his money and glamorous wealth to make his dream come true. He thought that Daisy always loved him and the only reason they couldn’t be together was his poverty in the past. He believed that Daisy would be with him immediately if he was rich and part of the higher class. He could not accept that no matter how much money he had, something that has happened cannot be completely erased. These dreams they shared resulted in their disenchantment about what they believed they could achieve while reality proved they couldn’t.In the United States, especially in that period, people had the idea of the ??American Dream. The one who could get their dreams, as long as they worked hard for it. However, this book was different. Gatsby worked hard to get his dream, including doing illegal things, yet he died at the end. While Tom, who was born rich, did not have as hard of consequences as Gatsby, although Tom had done something bad too. All of this reminds us once again that the way we pursue our dream must be good and we must never sacrifice morality in order to get what we believe we can achieve.