The to be the cause of the rise of

The
ideologies that percolated in the Philippines are known to be the cause of the
rise of Nationalism among the Filipino people. These dogma’s introduce to us
are considered to be the contributing factor that inspirited the people to
clamor the government for change. The spread of communism itself in Asia, and
the lingering effects of wars somehow triggered the adaption and acceptance of
these foreign ideologies. The introduction of these doctrines created change,
through series of attempts that attacks the system which was then viewed as unfair.
Peasants then grasp the ideology for the relief and hope, that maybe; these
could be their chance to enact change and the opportunity to gain access into
the privileges they were deprive to have.

The
promise of classless society has been coined to Communism, backed up by the
Marxist ideology. The doctrines provisions entice the populace that it reaches
to the point that they engage into arm confrontation with the government in
order to effect the change they sought. The desperate move then escalated the
problem, because they founded a group or movement known as “Partido Komunista
ng Pilipinas” which aims to transform the system and eradicate the class
distinction.  The interference of United
States in the countries affairs, the Japanese occupation and the injustices
committed by the government buttressed their cause for change. The movement wanted
to gain liberty from United States in terms of its intervention politically and
economically. The Capitalism itself serves as a barrier to its aims, a counter
pat of communist ideology. It is a Profit-based system, which leaves the
workers with few incentives and owners much of gains. The relationship among
the workers and owners is not well established because most of the time the
focus is on its profits. Capitalist is driven by profits, without realizing
that gains won’t be meet if workers is omitted in the picture, workers are
often exploited since they are only paid through their labors regardless of the
type or kind of work, and commonly waged in minimum bases.

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The
occurrences of insurgency among the Filipino’s are commonly attribute or linked
to Marxist ideologies. The expression of nationalism is fueled by these
doctrines wherein peasant choose to raise arms against the government for they
think that the privileges itself is confined only to the people who belong in
the higher strata of social echelon. Accordingly, Marxism defined as “a
theory in which class struggle is a central element in the analysis of social
change in Western societies”.1 These entails that the Marxist ideology
gives emphasis to the less fortunate people, or those who belong in the lowest
class or peasants. The society is impaired due to the division people that has
been linked to the lingering effects of custom-based belief which was then carried
out to ages know as Social Stratification2.
The distinction itself is considered as one of the contributing factors to the
rise of nationalism, which is known as class struggle.

The society is comprised mostly by peasants, yet their
voices remained unheard. The miserable plights of peasants eking out a living
to suffice their families’ hungry stomach, and the slow response of governments
to their condition were then misconstrued by them, making them feel neglected
and alienated.  The atrocities that
transpired during the regime of President Ferdinand Marcos even distance the
populace towards the government, paved to the formation of Communist Party of
the Philippines (CCP) on 1968. Constant call for changed was then showed through
rallies and social disobedience. Later that year the New People’s (NPA) army
was then founded yielding to the same ideology which makes them an armed wing
of CCP. New People’s Army are composed mostly of peasant because of their
accessibility due to the enticement of its ideology, there are among the least
suspected in the community and lastly the familiarity of the terrains. Most of
them, attack sporadically the government troops, to show the government that
they are capable of inflicting harm to the government. Peasants are often
called the powerless people yet they are the most important sector in the
social echelon because without them the nation will be destabilized due to the
lack of manpower. They play vital role in the society but their efforts are not
even recognize and living in extreme poverty. The lack of support from the
government is always been the sentiments of these people, so we can’t blame
them why they opt change sides and go against the government. These peasant are
armed with guns and inhabits in far flung villages or mountains away from their
families; and life they used to have. 
Which clearly connotes that they are desperate and aggressive enough for
change, their intolerance of the system is showed through a series of attacks.
The peasants who used to have a simple life in rice fields are now known or
branded as bandits and terrorist because of the hostilities they have done
towards the government and the populace. There rendezvous were away from the
communities if possible and meetings are often clandestine to avoid being
captured by the government troops.

The doctrines become the source of knowledge that
awakened the latent consciousness of the people. Jose Maria Sison, a well-known
lawyer who initiated the creation of “Kabataang Makabayan” which aims to
integrate the youth in to the spectrum, encourages the young ones to
participate in the affairs of the government. Sison advocates the participation
of the youth and wanted them partake in its struggle for liberation towards the
elite ruling in the government and end the despotic regime of the
Marcoses.  As a University professor it
is not hard for him to do so, and the Universities becomes the bastion of
rallies and demonstration. The first quarter storm of the 1970 marked heavily by
a series of youth active demonstrations, which often resulted to atrocities
within the two parties. The storm was characterized as a dilemma because of the
bloodshed, wherein youth had been shot while demonstrating in order to achieve
the cause.   

 

1 https://www.allaboutphilosophy.org/what-is-marxism-faq.htm

2  Harold R. Kerbo, 2002, Social Stratification
and Inequality: New York : McGraw-Hill Education

 

 

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