William up with the words, “Tyger Tyger, burning bright,”

William
Blake was known to be a mystic poet who was curious about the unknowns in the
world, and strived to find all the answers. 
Does God create both gentle and fearful creatures?  As a questioned asked in the poem “The Tyger”
William Blake pondered on why an all-powerful, loving God would create a
vicious predator, the Tiger, after he created a sweet, timid, harmless animal,
the lamb.  The theme of this poem
surrounds this idea of why the same creator would create both a destructive and
gentle animal.  This issue is brought up
and discussed through rhyme, repetition, allusion, and symbolism. 

The poem
opens up with the words, “Tyger Tyger,
burning bright,” which in
this case makes the words Tyger appear to the reader as if the author is
speaking directly to the Tyger and sets up the theme of the night along with
which come darkness and evil.  The words “burning bright”
are used as a comparison to the Tyger. 
Blake chooses fire to be compared to the Tyger because both are known to
be harmful, strong, wild, forceful, and destructive.  In a way, they also resemble each other in
looks, as a Tyger in the dark, looks like a fire because of its orange body and
black stripes.  The third and fourth
lines ask the first unanswered question: What creator has the ability to make
something with such “fearful
symmetry” (4)?  The second stanza asks the same question, but
in a completely different way, wondering where the Tyger came from.  In lines 10 and 20, Blake’s asks two questions.  These questions are different from the rest,
he asks, “Did he smile his work to see?
/Did he who made the lamb make thee?” (19, 20)
These lines are asking if the creator was happy with his work of such
destructive soul, it also asks if the creator of the lamb was also the creator
of the Tyger.  You can look at this as if
Blake was trying to connect the evil Tyger with the Lamb of God, Jesus
Christ.  The last lines ask the same
question as the first, who could and who would create the Tyger. 

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Rhyme is
found all throughout the poem and has a huge effect on the reader.  Blake used rhyme and detail to create some
more wicked thoughts of the Tyger in the reader’s mind.  Each stanza is made up of two couplets.  Because these couplets keep a steady going
rhyme, we the reader can imagine the Tyger’s heartbeat, beating as we say the
words as Blake intended the to be read.  Repetition
plays a key role, as it gives the reader a first look as to what Blake
considers prime information.  For
example, the word “dread” is repeated many times all around the poem,
particularly in lines 12 and 15.  Because
this word is used many times in the poem, it draws the reader’s attention and contributes even more to the
image of the Tyger in the readers mind. The first and last stanzas form an
introduction and conclusion.  The
differences between these lines get the reader’s
attention and points out significant ideas that lead up to the meaning of the
poem.  There was a change in words in the
last stanza, “dare” was put instead of “could.”  This changes the speaker’s intention so he’s not asking who could
create the Tyger, but what God would create destructive animal, knowing its
strengths and al the damage it can create.

 Allusion is also an important part of this
poem because of the way the author uses it to connect to the outside works that
may also encourage the reader to think in a certain way that goes along with
the themes of the poem.  The first
allusion, found in lines 7 and 8, are to the Greek gods Icarus and
Prometheus.  This allusion requires the
readers to think about gods and religion, which is a major part of the theme of
this poem.  Another allusion I see is in
line 20, which refers to another one of Blake’s
poems, “The Lamb.”  This
allusion is significant because the speaker asks, “Did he who made the Lamb make thee?” (20) 
And he wonders whether or not the same creator who made something so
gentle and pure could also make such an evil animal.  The allusion itself brings the reader to
think about the other poems and to contrast the two completely different
messages. 

 The significance in “The Tyger”
is powerful and allows the reader to find the deeper meaning in the poem.  The Tyger stands for darkness and evil, and
on the other hand, the lamb is the exact opposite.  The mention of the blacksmith in lines 13-16
symbolize the creator or God.  This
representation has a big effect on the poem because it makes the poem about
something more than just the animals and creation, but about the debate of God
creating something evil. Even with so many literary devices used to enhance the
reader’s understanding, the final
question still left the readers questioning: did the same God create both the
Tyger and the lamb? 

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